Tag-Archive for ◊ Auckland Restaurants ◊

30 Aug 2010 Nutritional benefits of kiwi fruit

Although it grows well in warm and gentle climates, kiwi, the fuzzy, green, exotic and tasty New Zealand fruit actually originated in China, where it was regarded as a delicacy and called the Chinese Gooseberry or Yang Tao.

The fruit itself was exported from China to New Zealand only relatively recently, at the turn of the 20th century, when a New Zealand native, Isabel Fraser, took kiwi seeds home with her from China and planted them in New Zealand.

After the fruit’s exportation, its name naturally then changed from Gooseberry to kiwi, after the national bird of New Zealand, the Kiwi. The fuzzy texture of the kiwi fruit is thought to resemble the national bird’s sparse coat of hair.

NUTRITIONAL COMPOSITION

The kiwi fruit is synonymous with summer and fruity cocktails and concoctions, and is nutritionally dense, packed with vitamin C. The green fruit as well as its black seeds contain protein, vitamins C and E, potassium, calcium, iron as well as soluble dietary fiber. Kiwi is also sodium-free, and is a dieter’s dream food, since it not only offer tons of vitamins and nutrients, but is tasty and nutritious.

HEALTH BENEFITS

Medical studies indicate that eating kiwi regularly not only supplies the body with vital vitamins and minerals, but can help prevent or treat various ailments.

SO WHY EAT KIWI?

*Eat kiwi to repair damanged DNA and reduce the likelihood of blood clots.

Studies from AUT Universitt in Auckland, New Zealand reported that cancer patients who ate two or three kiwi fruits a day kept spreading cancers in check, as the fruit played a significant role in repairing damaged DNA. The same clinical participants who consumed 2 to 3 kiwi fruits a day reported less incidences of blood clotting. Properties in kiwi protect DNA in the cell’s nucleus from oxygen-related damage. The possible link between kiwi and reduced incidences of heart disease and stroke is also currently being studied.

*Eat kiwi to help improve sleep and alleviate constipation.

Taiwan Medical University revealed that kiwi helps stimulate intestinal movement, thus relieving constipation. Likewise, the School of Nutrition and Health Science at Taipei Medical University also documented a noticeable increase in sleep quality, by as much as 40%, in participants who regularly ate two pieces of kiwi for five months before bedtime.

*Eat kiwi to lessen wheezing and asthmatic symptoms.

An Italian study that followed over 18,000 children

29 Aug 2010 Stroke Prevention. The 7 Major Risk Factors

Stroke is the number one cause of adult disability in the world’s wealthiest countries and the third leading cause of death after heart attack and cancer.

That’s the bad news. The good news is that simple lifestyle changes can dramatically reduce your risk. Read on to discover the 7 top risk factors for stroke and what you can do to prevent them.

But first, what is a stroke and what are the warning signs?

A stroke occurs when the blood supply to the brain is interrupted and brain tissue is deprived of oxygen and nutrients. Most strokes are ischaemic strokes caused by blood clots blocking an artery to the brain.

About one out of five are caused by a haemorrhage in a blood vessel to the brain. This is a haemorrhagic stroke. It can occur when an artery ruptures causing bleeding into the brain.

A stroke can also happen when a clot from elsewhere in the body becomes dislodged and blocks an artery in the brain {embolic stroke}.

The common symptoms are:

Numbness, weakness or paralysis of the face, arm or leg on one or both sides of the body.
Loss of vision in one or both eyes.
Speech difficulty.
Vertigo, loss of balance.
Sudden, severe headache.
Confusion and memory problems.
Difficulty swallowing.
Seizures or blackouts.

RISK FACTOR NUMBER 1.

High blood pressure or hypertension.
Defined by the US National Institutes of Health as a blood pressure reading of 140/90 or higher.
Factors such as a high fat diet, stress and being overweight can narrow arteries. The resulting pressurized blood flow damages artery walls, making the formation of fatty plaque more likely. Plaque can break off and cause blood clots to form according to studies at the Stroke Prevention and Atherosclerosis Research Centre at Robarts Research Institute London, Ontario, Canada.

Normalizing blood pressure cuts the risk of stroke in half. No other preventative measure is as effective. The Mediterranean diet can lower blood pressure and reduce the risk of stroke by up to 60%.This diet calls for five to nine servings of fruits and vegetables a day. It also emphasizes the importance of whole grains, beans, fish and poultry. It suggests replacing butter and cream with olive oil or oils rich in alpha-linolenic acid.

RISK FACTOR NUMBER 2.

Smoking or exposure to secondhand smoke.
Cigarette smoke is a bigger risk factor than previously thought. Research conducted at the University of Auckland New Zealand divided people into three groups: smokers, non smokers exposed to secondhand smoke and non smokers not exposed to secondhand smoke.

Researchers discovered that smokers had six times the stroke risk of non smokers and non smokers exposed to secondhand smoke had almost double the risk of other non smokers.

The obvious prevention is to quit smoking. Some success has been achieved with nicotine patches, anti smoking medication and hypnosis.

RISK FACTOR NUMBER 3.

Sticky blood or platelet aggregation.
In this process, microscopic components of blood stick together, leading to clot formation. To prevent this, talk to your doctor about taking a low dose aspirin daily. Aspirin inhibits platelet aggregation and can reduce the risk of stroke by up to 30% in some people. Vitamin E can improve blood flow and prevent blood clots. It is possibly the most important vitamin for promoting normal blood circulation, healthy arteries and heart.

RISK FACTOR NUMBER 4.

High cholesterol level.
High total and/or high LDL ["bad"] cholesterol levels contribute to the narrowing of arteries.
Prevention: Have a blood test. If your total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol are high, ask your doctor to discuss options with you. A number of natural options are available. These include a high fiber diet. Psillium husks and ground flaxseed are particularly high in fiber. Garlic can lower cholesterol levels as well as clean the arteries of accumulated fats.

RISK FACTOR NUMBER 5.

Ministrokes.
Before a person has a stroke, he/she might have one or more “ministrokes”, or transient ischaemic attacks [TIAs}. The symptoms are the same as a stroke.

Though TIA symptoms go away, those who have had a TIA have about a 30% risk of having a stroke within the next two months.

Prevention: If you think you have had a TIA, see your doctor without delay. It is possible that you have symptomatic carotid stenosis, a severe narrowing of the carotid artery, the main artery leading to the brain. Endarterectomy, a procedure to clear this blockage, reduces the risk of stroke to 9%.

RISK FACTOR NUMBER 6.

High Homocysteine level.
Homocysteine is an amino acid used by the body for many functions including detoxification. Normal blood levels are about 6-8mm for women and 8-12mm for men. As long as the body keeps these levels in check,it is not usually a problem.
According to Dr Kilmer McCully, author of “The Homocysteine Revolution”, this amino acid may be toxic and inflammatory when in excess and can lead to serious consequences including heart disease and stroke. It causes cholesterol to “catch” onto ridges in your artery walls. These cholesterol “traps” are the cause of a fatty build up called “plaque”, thus reducing the flow of blood and causing high blood pressure.

Some research studies have suggested that high homocysteine level is a more critical marker for heart disease and stroke than cholesterol levels.

Prevention: A blood check will determine your homocysteine level. If it is high the dietary supplement folate {folic acid} combined with vitamins B6 and B12 should help. Dietary improvements also help reduce homocysteine levels. Eliminate processed foods, including flour and sugar and eat more fresh vegetables, fresh fruits and whole grains.

RISK FACTOR NUMBER 7.

Heavy Drinking.
This can increase your stroke risk threefold, so it’s vital to limit your intake.
Prevention: A moderate intake of one or two standard drinks daily, may actually decrease your stroke risk.

FINALLY: DON’T IGNORE THE WARNING SIGNS AND RISK FACTORS!

My father died of a stroke at the age of 35. He was strong, physically fit and thought he was indestructible. His warning sign was a severe and persistent headache. Despite requests from my mother to visit a doctor, they were ignored. He rarely suffered from headaches and dismissed it as a passing inconvenience.

John Newcombe, Wimbledon Tennis Champion and former captain of the Australian Davis Cup team, is a stroke survivor.

In his inspirational book “No One’s Indestructible”, he describes how he believed he was “bulletproof”. He had many warning signs and risk factors. He was a smoker, drinker, had high blood pressure, high cholesterol and was regularly under stress. He ignored them. His description of events leading up to and following his stroke, including his recovery program, makes compulsive reading.

Never start a new treatment before consulting your doctor, especially if you are currently taking medication. The information published in this article is not intended as a substitute for personal medical advice from your physician or other qualified health-care practitioner. It is for information only.

29 Aug 2010 Why polar bears are disappearing

One of the signs of global warming and an oft quoted example is the fact that polar bears are drowning in the arctic. Polar bears are at the top of the arctic food chain and feed mainly on seals although they do adapt to being omnivores particularly when around places of human activity – like garbage dumps.

The largest of the bears a large white polar bear is a site to behold. A polar bear will sit for hours above a seal’s blow hole waiting for a sign of a seal at which point it will use its huge weight to smash through the ice to catch, kill and eat a seal. Polar bears are also known for swimming huge distances between ice berges and ice packs. The problem with the great melt in the arctic circle it that these distances are know becoming even too great for the once mightly polar bear.

Many would say the only solution to preventing the polar bear from extinction is to breed them in captivity in zoos and the like. Whilst polars bear will live in zoos this poses many problems. Use to ranging over such a large area polar bears are quickly bored being locked up in a small enclosure. There are numerous examples of bears going quite mad in zoos. I remember one in Auckland zoo that spent most of the day pacing back and forth like a prisoner. Zoos and theme parks have improved the way they look after their polar bears including packing their food in ice (to make them work for it), hiding food in different ways to give the bears something to do. They also include more ‘toys’ to keep the bears busy. But even if this is better for the bears mental health genetically you need a population of at least 5000 bears with a highly skilled breeding program to ensure the health of the species.

Perhaps a radical solution would be to move some polar bears to the antarctic. The south pole is not going to melt anytime soon (but give mankind time to stuff it up). The polar bears would have plenty of prey – penguins, seals, birds, etc. Of course the huge risk of introducing a new species to this environment is the destruction of other species. Whilst seals would be fine giving that polar bears haven’t over hunted them up north penguins might be a different story – especially ones like the emperors that collect in huge groups to brood – a sitting ‘duck’ for a hungry polar bear. Perhaps a solution would be to tried them on some islands near the antarctic first and see how they went and whether other species could adapt to having a new predator.

Whatever the solution with the way the arctic is going time is running out for the polar bear (but not for property developers of nice warm arctic real estate!)

23 Aug 2010 Bistro Tables: Style Icons, Not Just Furniture

Bistro tables and chairs are without a doubt the most popular restaurant dining furniture in the world today. The global accessibility to information provided by the Internet means that people anywhere can tune in and turn onto cultural and design innovations and trends from all over the world.

Like Toadstools

Although bistro tables and dining furniture have been around for well over a hundred years, they are like all evergreen design classics. They find new audiences all over the urbane and not so urbane world. In fact, bistro tables are wherever restaurant dining is to be found – from Paris, France to London, England; from Bangkok, Thailand to Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; and from Sydney Australia to Auckland, New Zealand. Bistro tables have been popping up for years on sidewalks and street corners everywhere. They pop up so frequently and commonly, in fact, they are like mushrooms in the rain.

The original bistro tables could be folded up and stacked beside each other along a wall. The popularity of the bistro table isn’t only due to its efficient use of space and its portability. The bistro table is highly in demand also because of its versatility and economic good looks. In fact, probably the only countries in the world where you won’t see the coffee hounds strategically sitting by their bistro tables placed on the sidewalks are Japan, Korea, and China. It’s just too damned crowded there, too damned busy, and unless you want a face-full of carbon monoxide with your latte, then it’s not a very good idea.

A Titan of a Table

A bistro table is versatile. Okay, so you’re thinking…versatility? How versatile can a bistro table possibly be? I mean, you use it for putting your food and drink, and then what? Do you use it for a miniature helicopter landing pad? Does it double as a radar dish? Of course not! Bistro tables are versatile in such a way that not only can you use it as a surface to display your steaming cup of java while you try to look intellectual, you can also use it for a score of different – albeit unconventional – purposes. Bistro tables have been habitually used as substitutes for magazine racks and have played hosts to many a poker game. Bistro tables have endured bottles being slammed on its surface in bachelor parties, stilettos scraping its glossy veneer as a woman dances atop it in the same bachelor parties, and the occasional spray of the contents of somebody’s stomach. Bistro tables have played Prometheus countless of times with the world literally on its shoulders – or in this case, table top.

The Princess Diana of Furniture

Bistro tables enjoy longer lives than the average furniture, thanks in part to the fact that owners of bistro tables appreciate what they have. Indeed, they know that they have a gem in their hands, or wherever it is that they keep their bistro table. Bistro tables have been known to undergo drastic changes in their looks, from drab to fab, tacky to classy, and dazzling to nondescript, while still maintaining a quiet elegance and sophistication that only a confident piece of furniture can pull off.

Wouldn’t you love to have one sitting in your kitchen as well?

31 Jul 2010 Memoirs: Your earliest memory
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My earliest memory was when I had an major accident. It was so severe I had to be flowed to the Auckland hospital,for major head surgery. Doctors at the hospital were speaking to my families, explaining how serious my injuries were. I had a fracture skull untold seizes and I may not pull through. They were also told I have only two weeks to live, my family refuse to listen. The doctor’s gave them time to discuss what option they will take, turn the machine off or leave it on until the two weeks is up. My daughter said to leave the machine on.

In between the two weeks I started to show signs my eye’s were blinking, movement with my hands and I can hear people talking, my daughter started to cry, and said mum going to pull through. During the last few days I woke up, I was like a vegetable not my normal self, I was to be transfer to Bennett, again my daughter said no, she said only zombies go there, my mother is not mad we are taking her home. She dress me up wheel me down to the truck and drove us home.

Within the second week I was home something amazing happen to me I was walking, eating, talking to my family as if nothing happen to me. Everyone were amaze at my sudden recovery. Then my daughter said to me, mum someone (up there) is looking after you I started to cry and said it’s not my time or I have a mission to do from God and Jesus.

My mission was to help my family to get out off those evil thought from their minds also to help my parents who were being treated badly from my nephew.I couldn’t help them because no one would listen to me.They said to me, look after your self you are not well, I was furious at them for saying that,then I storm out of the house and stay away for while. After a few weeks went by mum came to see me and said she wasn’t feeling well. I told mum she has to stop looking after her daughters and grandchildren or you will get sick and may not pull through. Mum told my sisters what I said, they got angry, and said “don’t believe a word she says” she thinks she no everything, well a few weeks after that discussion my mum die. From that moment even today we still can’t communicate like ordinary family.

As for myself I still have bad headache tired eyes sore legs other then that I’m coping well, doing little things like washing dishes, making beds, vacuum the floor and help with the laundry.

I’m getting tired it’s time for me to rest.

This story is about myself. It’s the truth.

I Believe in the Ten Commandment our created and Jesus.

26 Jul 2010 Festive New Zealand

New Zealand is a land in the far south where immigrant cultures were grafted onto a Polynesian landscape. This makes for a colourful culture replete with festivals of all kinds. There are festivals marking special days in the country’s colonial history, events that celebrate the indigenous Polynesian culture and still others that commemorate New Zealand’s rich agricultural traditions.

New Zealand celebrates its history on the last Monday in January with the Auckland Anniversary Day Regatta. This colourful, nautical event commemorates the arrival of Captain Hobson in New Zealand when he founded the city of Auckland.

The Auckland Anniversary Day Regatta dates back to 1840 which makes it the country’s oldest sporting event. Predating the Americas Cup by 11 years, the Auckland Anniversary Regatta draws around 400 competing boats each year.

New Zealand’s Polynesian roots are celebrated at the Pasifika Festival held at Auckland’s Western Springs Stadium in March. The event celebrates the art, culture and lifestyle of the South Pacific through music and other performances.

First produced by Auckland City Council in 1993, Pasifika has grown over the years and now attracts more than 225000 visitors who come to enjoy the work of hundreds of performers from the Auckland region as well as the Pacific area.

The event kicks off on a Friday night with an opening concert from Air New Zealand. The main event starts of the Saturday and comprises around 300 food and craft stalls.

A popular addition to Pasifika was made in 1999 in the form of cultural villages. These showcase unique aspects of various Pacific Island communities. Each village presents a traditional and contemporary programme including music, dancing, workshops, and food.

In 2008, Wellington introduced its own Pasifika featuring exhibitors from Fiji, Tonga, Samoa, Tuvalu, the Cook Islands, Tokelau and Niue displaying traditional handicrafts such as embroidery, weaving, shell jewellery and wood carving.

Agriculture is at the heart of the New Zealand economy so it’s no wonder that one of the country’s most important festivals covers farming and rural life. It’s the Royal New Zealand Show held over three days each November. With the theme of ‘Bringing the country to town’, the Show is held at Canterbury Agricultural Park, Wigram Road, Christchurch.

Featuring both indoor and outdoor displays and exhibitions, the Royal New Zealand Show attracts well over 100,000 visitors each year. Displays include marquees and pavilions showcasing the very best of New Zealand farming and rural life, top entertainment, and numerous other attractions. The event draws 5000 livestock entries and more than 400 exhibitors.

The Royal New Zealand Show was first held in 1924. Formerly held in rotation with Palmerston North, Hawke’s Bay, Hamilton, Invercargill and Christchurch, the show has been held at the Canterbury Agricultural Park in Christchurch since 2006.

New Zealand is a fascinating country but attending a festival can give you special insights into this antipodean nation.

24 Jul 2010 What to Look For in Culinary Arts Schools

When you are choosing a school to study food courses at, knowing what to look for in culinary schools means that you will make the right choice the first time. Asking around in the industry to see which schools employers favor is a good way to get an idea of the most respected and highly thought of schools. If location is a factor for you, then you will need to ask around within your city or at least state (unless you don’t mind traveling).

It is believed that these schools have the most success when it comes to job placement after study, with many employers taking students as soon as they graduate.

Cooking is growing in popularity as a career choice due to TV shows and online sites which have shown people how fun it can be to be involved in a culinary career. It’s also reasonably paying and there is plenty of room for advancement as chefs can work their way up within a particular restaurant. In addition, there is also room for advancement in better restaurants and other cooking establishments. Usually the better restaurants pay their chefs higher salaries.

Some of the best culinary schools around the world include:

USA

The Culinary Institute of Canada (Charlottetown, PE)

California School of Culinary Arts Pasadena

Orlando Culinary Academy

Texas Culinary Academy’

Pennsylvania Culinary Institute

The Cooking and Hospitality Institute of Chicago

Lincoln College of Technology

The Culinary Institute of America

Le Cordon Bleu College Of Culinary Arts – Las Vegas, Atlanta, Minneapolis-St. Paul, Miami and Dallas

The Restaurant School, Philadelphia

UK

School of Culinary Arts and Food Technology, DIT, Dublin, Ireland

Oceania

North Shore International Academy, Auckland, New Zealand

Other locations

International Centre for Culinary Arts, Dubai

Culinary Academy Of India

The above schools are all highly regarded in the culinary industry and a qualification from any will result in an outstanding looking resume. But there are many others. And even beyond the school you go to, the cooking establishments you work in and receive further training from will help your resume as well.

At culinary school you will learn about cooking, baking, nutrition, food standards, food identification, food hygiene, recipes preparation, menus and much more. Most schools have outstanding and experienced culinary chefs as teachers.

Culinary schools such as those listed above are equipped with full scale kitchens that replicate those found in the industry. This gives students the chance to gain experience in a real environment as well as utilize all utensils and equipment that would be found in a job situation.

Some culinary schools specialize in particular aspects of the subject such as baking and pastry, fine dining, corporate and event dining and others. There are also more and more online culinary schools where students can study at their own pace and complete practical exercises at home.

Becoming a chef or other professional through completing a certificate or degree at culinary schools is an excellent way to form a solid and exciting career. There are countless opportunities for advancement and there is a lot of money to be made in an industry that is growing more every year.

20 Jul 2010 Reflections: The future

There are somethings everyone knows about The Future. There will be flying cars, Aliens will ATTACK the earth, people will have pet robot dogs. The moon will be colonized.

I’ve just realized you can already get pet robot dogs. Does that mean it’s the future now? If so…. *hushed whisper* where IS my flying car?

I predict, that in ten years time (whether it be “The Future” then, or not), most countries will have introduced the death penalty for spamming, because it’s soooo blooooody ANNOYING! And I personally will own one of those guns that allows you to shoot loathsomely irritating people in advertisements through your TV screen! The one I have at the moment tends to just shower my living room with broken glass as my TV implodes, causing no harm to the TV advertisement people at all. This isn’t good enough. Something must be done.

In ten years time, I will be 34. Or dead. From a (flying?) car crash, or smoking related illness, or stress related illness caused by my son (who will then be 15) learning to drive (a flying car?). If I’m not dead, and in fact am 34, I hope I will be financially stable-ish, and good at mornings. Because at the moment I’m not. And it’s annoying me very very much.

Thank you for reading about the future of doom. If you would like to buy a flying car, send large amounts of cash to:

The Invisible Non-Existent Flying Car Company

c/o Kristie

6 My Street

Auckland

NZ

Caution: Flying Car may not fly, or even exist. Contents hot when heated. May contain traces of nuts. Discard packaging, do not eat.

18 Jul 2010 Tauranga Protected by Matakana Island

The Western Bay of Plenty is located on the Eastern coast of New Zealands North Island. You can reach the beautiful sun drenched destination by travelling south 2.5 hours from Auckland, 1.5 hours east from Hamilton, or just 1 hour from Rotorua. All have International Airports.

Tauranga is located at the head of a large harbour which extends along the western Bay of Plenty, and is protected by Matakana Island.

Tauranga City is seen as one of the premier destinations. Tauranga offers a huge range of attractions, activities, recreational pursuits and some of the finest restaurants, cafes and shopping set next to New Zealands most amazing beaches. Top quality facilities ensure Tauranga reputation as the place to live as well as to visit year round.

Visitor Information Centres exist throughout the Tauranga area for your convenience. Trained staff are on hand to answer any questions as to what to do and where to stay within the region. All bookings for travel, accommodation and activities can be made when calling at any of the Information Centres.

The ultimate adrenaline buzz in the bay. Highly trained and highly skilled all Tandem Masters and equipment comply with the New Zealand Parachute Federation, and Civil Aviation requirements. Tauranga Tandem Skydiving operates from the Tauranga Airport, five minutes from the port of Tauranga and the Mount Maunganui Beach.

Taurangas only indoor rock climbing centre. Fully supervised hours of fun for young and old alike in a safe environment. As well as being fun, it develops self esteem, pushes people to and sometimes beyond their limits.

The Adventure Park is located on a picturesque bend in the Wairoa River, a relaxed location for people to enjoy a family day out. Established on the river are a flat water slalom training site and a kayak polo arena. A gladiators pole, a rock climbing wall, Tarzan swing and three diving, jumping and bombing locations have provided countless visitors with hours of fun.

In the summer most holiday makers travel to The Mount to make the most of the beautiful beaches and the great surf. The waters off the coast are also are good fishing areas. It also has a good selection of beautiful walks.

People here love to eat out. There is a large selection of restaurants to eat at, especially on The Strand, which is regarded as the restaurant central of Tauranga. As with eating, people here love cafes. You will also find numerous pubs around the area. The Strand is the main strip of Nightlife consisting of bars, clubs and restraunts.

15 Jul 2010 Baby Teething

When your baby’s first tooth appears it’s a big milestone. But teething can also be a painful and frustrating time for many babies, as well as their parents! Knowing what to anticipate when your child is teething, and what you can do to help, can make the process a little easier for both of you.

Each baby reacts to teething differently. Some experience a painless process with little discomfort. Their teeth just spring up without any problems. The first that you know of them is when they smile or when you hear them clink on a spoon. Others find teething painful and upsetting, making them grumpy for weeks and unsettling their sleeping and feeding habits.

Symptoms your baby may be teething

* swollen ridges on gums for some time before teeth actually arrive.

* irritable or fretful

* dribbling and dribble rashes

* chewing and biting on everything, putting his hands in his mouth

* red cheeks or ears

* some babies may nurse more for comfort, others may refuse to feed

* out bowel motions (not diarrhoea), which may cause nappy rash

* your once ideal sleeper may wake often during peak teething times and be hard to resettle

Babies often get sick with coughs and colds or diarrhoea during their first few years of life. Although they might happen at the same time as teeth coming through, they’re not caused by teething. If you’re worried about your child’s health, take your baby to see a doctor.

Then the First Tooth Becomes Visible

Your child’s baby teeth will start popping through the gums as early as three months. In rare cases, babies are even born with teeth.

The teeth usually come through in upper and lower pairs, often starting with the two bottom front teeth (central incisors), but the order may vary. The four upper teeth (central and lateral incisors) then the bottom lateral incisors usually follow. The first molars, or back teeth, come next, then the pointy top eye teeth. Most children will have all their 20 deciduous teeth by the time they’re three.

Auckland paediatric dentist Nina Vasan says you can start looking after your baby’s pearly whites before the first tooth shows up by wiping his gums daily with a clean, damp washcloth or gauze. Once teeth spring up, clean them with a smear of junior toothpaste on a damp cloth.

At around one, move on to a toothbrush with a small head, soft bristles and a handle that’s easy to hold. Don’t worry if your baby just sucks on the paste or chews on the brush to begin with as it will get him used to having a toothbrush in his mouth.

Nina Vasan says the easiest way to brush your child’s teeth is to get him to sit on your lap or a chair and brush from behind or get him to lie down on the floor or couch. Have him spit the toothpaste out and don’t rinse afterwards. Don’t let your child swallow or eat toothpaste as too much fluoride can be dangerous. Always store the toothpaste out of reach. As soon as a couple of teeth touch together, try to floss your child’s teeth. Get him to lie down while you do it.

By the time all your child’s teeth are through, you should be brushing them at least twice a day, and especially after meals. You can expect your toddler to brush his own teeth from the age of three, but you must continue to supervise children until they’re around eight. Enrol your child by age one with a school dental clinic.